One of the most permanent monsters you’ve ever created is a vampire. In the creation of vampires in human imagination, it is effective that diseases are unknown and scary before medical knowledge develops.
In the creation of vampires, one of the ways in which man reveals what he brings to his fears, not only infectious diseases, but also diseases that are caused by passive genes in animals or possibly through the animals were also determinative.
These diseases led people to supernatural exploitation, created widespread monster myths and vampires. But with a small and important detail … The vampire has always been associated with strange and unknown lands and people living there in all cultures that have emerged as a legend.
Stephen Dowling of the BBC wrote scientific explanations about the emergence of vampire legends. Here’s the history of vampire legends.
Vampire stories that bleed from the grave
Vampire stories that have been evacuated from their graves every night and absorbed the blood of living creatures have been told since the Ancient Greeks. The average lifetime at that time was around 28 years. Diseases were more common in this period, lacking hygiene, refrigerator and antibiotics, and there was more danger of people getting early in life.
Explanation of diseases with supernatural
Because the tiny creatures that caused the diseases were not visible and there were no microscopes to show them, old people were explaining many diseases with supernaturalism.
For example, porphyria is a disease that affects the biosynthesis of hematopoietic hosts that contribute to the formation of hemoglobin. When patients are exposed to sunlight, itching, rash and water accumulation occurs in their skin. On very rare occasions the palate is pulled out and the teeth are bigger than they are. Body wastes become purple, similar to undigested blood color. Sometimes the sensitivity of light is so high that patients can lose their ears and noses. Just like you were in the Nosferatu vampire …
There are only a few hundred people in the world
The American Porfiria Association says that only a few hundred people in the world have seen such a severe symptom of a small proportion of those exposed.
More likely to be found in isolated communities
However, this disease may be encountered more often in the medieval period due to the lack of diversity in the gene pool in some isolated communities that do not have much contact with the outside world.
The motherland of vampires Transylvania
Villages and bushes in the Transylvania region, which is partly within the borders of Romania today, conform to this definition. Vampire stories first came out of this region and spread to the west.
Popularization of the 18th century
Roger Luckhurst, who prepares a new edition of Bram Stoker’s Dracula story under Oxford World Classics, investigated the conditions that led to the emergence of vampire belief and came to the conclusion that this legend was popular in the 18th century.
Vampire 1700s in British newspapers
“The first use of the vampire word in English is found in the newspaper reports published in the 1730s, which tells us that some corpses from the grave have been swollen, fresh blood on the edges of the mouth, and that the villagers have believed these stories,” says Luckhurst.
They believed that an immortal soul hunted the living
These isolated regions were interpreted as hunting for those who lived in an immortal soul when they encountered disasters such as infectious diseases such as plague and cattle deaths. The first job was to open the grave of the last deceased in the village.
Buried and buried
In this period when medicine is not developing, some patients may think that they are dead and that they bury themselves with great fear in their wakefulness, which may explain the fresh blood in the mouths of these corpses.
While the rabies are not yet known …
During periods when rabies was not yet known in Europe, ravines were frequent in these wooded areas. In people infected with rabies, tenderness to light and water, aggression, biting and delirium, and eventually death. Luckhurst says it’s connected to ravenous werewolf stories.
Distance from civilization is also a factor
The distant, isolated states of these societies in Paris and London may have contributed to this problem in other forms.
Luckhurst also believes that the over-the-top nutritional style may have caused diseases such as goiter caused by iodine deficiency and may have aggravated certain disorders that are hidden in genes
“People who lived in London and Paris in the 18th century saw how civilized and advanced they were when they read these vampire stories in the newspapers, and they saw these Catholic peasants living on Europe’s coasts as superstitious believers.”
But in many different cultures, blood-sucking legends have emerged at different times: “manananggal” in the Philippines, “peuchen” in Chile, “Baobhan Sith” in Scotland, and “Yara-ma-yha-who”
Luckhurst bases the source of vampire stories on things beyond illness. Whether in a club in Transylvania, in a British mansion, or in Ancient Greece, the vampire is always somewhere outside our nest where we feel comfortable.
“Vampires always come from somewhere else in ancient Greece, the barbarians beyond the Greek world are cannibalistic and blood-sucking, and they can do all kinds of black magic, like pagan groups in other places.”
It seems that the vampire is not only an illness that we can not understand, but a phenomenon associated with all strange, strange and unknown lands and people living there.